[ti:Limit Alcohol to Just One Drink a Day, New Study Says] [by:www.51voa.com] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问51VOA.COM [00:00.04]This is What's Trending Today... [00:03.60]A huge international study has found that adults should not drink [00:10.96]more than, on average, one alcoholic drink a day. [00:16.53]That means drinking advisements in many countries [00:21.40]around the world may be far too loose. [00:25.84]The study was published this week in The Lancet. [00:32.04]Dr. Angela Wood of Cambridge University led the research. [00:38.28]The work combined results from 83 studies carried out in 19 countries. [00:46.12]It considered about 600,000 people who drank alcohol. [00:52.92]The study found that people who drink more than seven drinks a week [00:59.00]can expect to die sooner than those who drink less. [01:04.66]The United States government currently advises no more than [01:09.76]seven drinks a week for women and 14 for men. [01:15.72]Those limits are based on earlier studies that found women [01:20.48]are more affected by alcohol than men. [01:24.48]Canada and Sweden have similar guidelines. [01:29.20]British guidelines were also similar until two years ago. [01:34.68]That is when British health officials brought the upper limit for men [01:40.12]down to the same limit as women. [01:43.80]Some countries have much higher limits, however. [01:48.44]Spain and Romania both suggest drinking as many as [01:53.64]20 alcoholic drinks per week for men is acceptable. [01:59.56]The new study estimates that 40-year-old men [02:03.76]who drink as much as current U.S. guidelines suggest [02:08.95]can expect to live one to two years less [02:13.48]than men who have no more than seven drinks per week. [02:19.28]David Jernigan, an alcohol researcher at Johns Hopkins University, [02:25.96]told the Associated Press, [02:28.32]"if you're really concerned about your longevity, [02:32.92]don't have more than one drink a day." [02:37.04]Jernigan was not involved in the study. [02:41.16]The study "is a serious wake-up call for many countries," [02:46.76]Jeremy Pearson of the British Heart Foundation said in a statement. [02:52.64]The group supported the study financially. [02:55.92]About half of the people included in the study [03:00.16]said they had more than 100 grams of alcohol per week. [03:05.82]The researchers found a higher risk of stroke, [03:10.72]heart failure and other problems in that group of heavier drinkers. [03:17.28]That may partly be because alcohol can increase blood pressure [03:23.04]and change cholesterol levels, the researchers said. [03:28.76]The heavier drinkers were also less likely [03:32.81]to have a heart attack, the study found. [03:36.64]However, the overall effects of drinking more than seven drinks a week [03:43.08]are more bad than good, lead researcher Wood said. [03:48.98]The results of the study quickly became a trending discussion worldwide. [03:56.08]As one person wrote, [03:59.21]the news was "not a good story to read on a Friday," [04:04.40]as workers and students prepare to celebrate the start of the weekend. [04:11.52]And that's What's Trending Today.... [04:14.12]I'm Ashley Thompson. 更多听力请访问51VOA.COM