[ti:US House Speaker Announces His Retirement] [by:www.51voa.com] [00:00.00]更多听力请访问51VOA.COM [00:00.20]Paul Ryan, the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, [00:05.44]says he will not seek another term in Congress. [00:10.64]Ryan is the top Republican Party lawmaker in the House. [00:16.40]His announcement came as Congressional Republicans [00:20.00]face worries over losing their majority in elections later this year. [00:27.20]All 435 members of the House [00:30.88]are required to seek re-election every two years. [00:36.44]Republicans currently hold 237 House seats. [00:42.56]The Democratic Party controls 192 seats. [00:48.20]Ryan joined a growing list of lawmakers who have decided against seeking re-election. [00:56.28]Thirty-seven Republican House members are leaving office [01:00.48]when their term ends in January 2019. [01:05.52]On the Democratic side, 17 House members chose not to seek another term. [01:12.88]The Democratic Party was more popular among likely voters in recent opinion studies. [01:20.32]The survey data found that the Democrats are between 5 [01:24.96]to 11 percentage points higher than the Republicans. [01:29.76]Speaking in Washington on Wednesday, Ryan said his decision to retire [01:36.20]was not based on a fear of losing his party's majority in the House. [01:42.40]He said he wanted to spend more time with his wife and three children. [01:49.20]Ryan said that he has accomplished a lot in a short time as speaker. [01:55.36]He added, "We're going to have a great record to run on." [02:01.80]Ryan will leave Congress when his term ends. [02:05.72]Ryan was first elected to Congress in 1998. [02:11.92]At the age of 28, he became known as one of the "Young Guns" in the Republican Party. [02:20.04]In 2012, Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney [02:24.80]asked Ryan to serve as the party's candidate for vice president. [02:30.44]They lost the election to then-President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden. [02:37.60]Three years ago, Ryan accepted the job of House Speaker [02:42.88]after the sudden retirement of speaker John Boehner. [02:47.64]Ryan has long sought for tax cuts and reforms to government entitlement programs. [02:54.92]He also wants to overturn the Affordable Care Act, [02:59.00]which expanded the nation's health care system. [03:03.40]In 2010, President Obama signed the act into law. [03:09.48]Today, both supporters and opponents of the law call it Obamacare. [03:17.00]Late last year, Ryan and the Republican-controlled Congress [03:21.60]approved tax cuts, but were unable to end Obamacare. [03:28.36]The house speaker announced his plans at a closed-door meeting [03:32.56]of Republican lawmakers Wednesday morning. [03:37.08]Ryan told them that serving as speaker has been the professional honor of his life, [03:43.60]and he thanked them for the trust they placed in him. [03:48.64]Ryan's spokesman said in a statement, [03:51.84]"After nearly 20 years in the House, the speaker is proud of all that has been accomplished [03:58.04]and is ready to devote more of his time to being a husband and a father." [04:03.32]更多听力请访问51VOA.COM